Virginia pine
Pinus virginiana

Virginia pine is a pioneer species capable of growing well on impoverished sites. It is native to the south-central states, where it is often seen growing on abandoned farmlands, roadsides, and other disturbed areas. Virginia pine needles are 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, and occur in bundles of 2.

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Light Water
Growth   Size

Timber Value

      Virginia pine is used for lumber, pulpwood, and Christmas trees.


Wildlife Value
      Mice tend to feed on stem tissue of young trees. Woodpeckers nest in older trees with internal decay. Deer browse the twigs and foliage.
          Attracts: northern bobwhites, other birds, mice, rabbits, deer

Regeneration methods
      Virginia pine is shade intolerant. Clearcut, seed-tree, and large group selections favor regeneration. Virginia pine does not compete well when not in full sun.

Fun facts
Virginia pine is an aggressive pioneer that produces pulpwood more rapidly than most pines on poor sites. It is also useful for mine land reclamation.
Pinus: Latin name for pine from Greek "pitus" / virginiana: of Virginia
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2004 Virginia Tech Forestry Department, all rights reserved. Text, images, and programming by: Dr. Jeff Kirwan, Dr. John R. Seiler, John A. Peterson, Edward C. Jensen, Guy Phillips, or Andrew S. Meeks.

questions, comments, and criticisms: email John.Peterson@vt.edu