western white pine
Pinus monticola

Western white pine is an important timber species found on a wide variety of sites throughout the western U.S. and Canada. Western white pine wood is light, straight-grained, and nonresinous which makes is desirable for many purposes. Needles are 2 to 4 inches long, and occur in bundles of 5.

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Light Water
Growth   Size

Timber Value

      Western white pine is used for moldings, trim, sashes, frames, doors, interior paneling, construction lumber, carving, matchwood, toothpicks.


Wildlife Value
      Western white pine seeds are an important food for red squirrels and deer mice.
          Attracts: deer mice, red squirrels, elk, deer, blue grouse

Regeneration methods
      Clearcut and seed-tree methods will provide the greatest western white pine regeneration.

Important Problems Early Detection tips
blister rust yellow spots on needles; lesions on stems

Fun facts
Attacked by white pine blister rust. Best stands occur in northern Idaho. Western white pine has excellent wood properties and is used for a variety of products.
Pinus: Latin name for pine from Greek "pitus" / monticola: growing on mountains
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2004 Virginia Tech Forestry Department, all rights reserved. Text, images, and programming by: Dr. Jeff Kirwan, Dr. John R. Seiler, John A. Peterson, Edward C. Jensen, Guy Phillips, or Andrew S. Meeks.

questions, comments, and criticisms: email John.Peterson@vt.edu