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Fruit

All trees produce fruit. They come in a wide variety of shapes, colors and sizes. They can often be used to identify the tree. Be sure to always look carefully on the ground and in the tops of trees for fruit. Even small parts (like an acorn cap) can be helpful.  Below are some brief descriptions of but a small handful of the many types of fruit.

 
 

Norway spruce cones are very large, cylindrical, 4 to 6 inches long, with stiff scales that are irregularly toothed.
Sweetgum has a woody ball of capsules, 1 to 1 1/2 inches in diameter with openings in the surface that release 2 seeds from each capsule.

Scarlet oak acorns are 1/2 to 1 inch long, with a scaled cap covering 1/2 of the nut. Cap scales look varnished.

Sycamore maple has a pair of samaras, spreading at about a 45 degree angle, each about 1 1/2 inch long.
Flowering dogwood has a shiny, oval red drupe, 1/4 to 1/2 inch long, in clusters of 3 to 4. 
White ash has a one-winged, dry, flattened samara with a full, rounded, seed cavity.
Eastern white pine has cones that are 4 to 7 inches long and cylindrical, with thin, rounded cone scales, and are very resinous. Cones are borne on a long stalk.
Persimmon has a plum-like berry that is green before ripening, turning orange to black when ripe, 3/4 to 2 inches in diameter when ripe.