| Leaf: Opposite, simple, ovate to elliptical, entire with arcuate veins, 2 1/2 to 5 inches long, dark green above, lighter below.
Flower: Species is monoecious; small, dull white in upright racemes, about 2 inches across appearing in late early summer.
Fruit: Dull white, 1/4 to 1/3 inch in diameter in rounded clusters, maturing in late summer to fall, fruit stalks remaining red well into winter.
Twig: Slender, gray to reddish brown, buds are dark brown and valvate, bud scales sharp-pointed and appear to have frosted tips, pith very light brown.
Bark: Light ashy gray and smooth when young; becoming broken into irregular blocks.
Form: Small to medium sized shrub with numerous stems forming thickets up to 10 feet tall but generally shorter.
Looks like: red-osier dogwood
- roughleaf dogwood
- silky dogwood