olive Oleaceae Olea europaea L. Listen to the Latin   symbol: OLEU
Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Opposite, simple, evergreen, lanceolate or narrow-oblong, 1 to 3 inches long, entire margins, thick and leathery, blue- to gray-green above and much paler beneath.
Flower: Clusters of small creamy white to pale yellow flowers appearing from leaf axils in spring.

Fruit: Oblong drupe up to 1 1/2 inches long, smooth, green initially but dark reddish purple (nearly black) when ripe in winter.

Twig: moderately stout, light gray-green and finely fuzzy when young.

Bark: Light gray-brown, smooth for a long time but eventually becoming finely scale, gnarled and bumpy.

Form: Wild trees are more shrub like; however, most trees seen have been pruned to have single, short trunk with a wide, spreading crown, to 20 or 30 feet. Trunks are generally twisted and contorted.
USDA Plants Database
Olea europaea is planted in the highlighted USDA hardiness zones to the left and may seed into the landscape. See a map of the states in which olive has escaped (opens a new window).

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