American plum Rosaceae Prunus americana Marsh. Listen to the Latin   symbol: PRAM
Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Alternate, simple, ovate to elliptical, finely serrated margin, sharply pointed tip, 3 to 4 inches long, green above, and slightly paler beneath.
Flower: White, 5 petals, 1 inch across, long filaments, yellow anthers, appear in small clusters in early spring with the leaves.

Fruit: Fleshy drupe, nearly round, 1 inch across, reddish purple to yellow-brown, some glaucous bloom, ripen in mid to late summer.

Twig: Slender, reddish brown, later developing an exfoliating gray film, leaf scars raised; buds reddish to gray and sharp pointed, some twigs becoming thorns.

Bark: Initially reddish gray, smooth with numerous horizontal lenticels, later becoming rough with irregular ridges and exfoliating curling strips.

Form: A multi-stemmed, shrubby, small tree with a spreading crown, reaching up to 30 feet tall with numerous rigid spiny branches; readily suckers from the roots.
Looks like: Mexican plum - Chickasaw plum - black cherry - chokeberry
USDAFS Additional Silvics - USDA Plants Database - Horticulture
Prunus americana is native to North America. Range may be expanded by planting. See states reporting American plum (opens a new window).

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