Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical to oblong, weakly serrated, 2 to 4 inches long, may be fuzzy, blue green above, pale almost white below.
Flower: Dioecious, catkins, both male and females very fuzzy, silvery gray, 1 inch long, appearing in late winter or very early spring.
Fruit: Small, brown capsules in clusters 2 to 2 1/2 inches long, each containing many small fuzzy seeds, ripen in late spring.
Twig: Slender, green or red, may be fuzzy, buds purple red with a single cap-like scale.
Bark: Gray-brown, initially smooth, becoming split and shallowly furrowed or scaly.
Form: Small tree or multistemmed shrub up to 30 feet.