dog rose Rosaceae Rosa
canina L. symbol: ROCA3
Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, deciduous, 4 inches overall; 5 to 7 broadly elliptical leaflets, each 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches long, serrate, green and glabrous above and below, large stipules at base of petiole.
Flower: Very showy and fragrant, white to pink, 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches across, 5-petalled.
Fruit: Shiny orange-red, fleshy "hip" containing achenes, to 3/4 inch long.
Twig: Moderate, initially green, turning red-brown or gray, bearing slightly curved prickles; buds red, rounded.
Bark: Light brown and very spiny.
Form: A thicket-forming shrub, reaches 3 to 12 feet.
Looks like: Nootka rose - cluster rose - sweetbriar rose - Woods' rose
Additional Range Information: Rosa canina is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and may seed into the landscape. See states reporting dog rose.
External Links: USDA Plants Database
All material © 2018 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range maps courtesy USGS from USDA "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr., Vol. 1 (1971) 3 (1976) 4 (1977) 5 (1978)