Texas sophora Fabaceae Styphnolobium
affine (Torr. & A. Gray) Walp.
|Leaf: Alternate, deciduous, pinnately compound, 6 to 10 inches long, 13 to 15 oval leaflets, each to 1 1/2 inches, with entire margins and blunt tips, light green above and below.
Flower: Very showy, white to pink pea-like flowers (1 inch across) in 3 to 5 inch terminal drooping clusters, fragrant appearing late spring to early summer.
Fruit: A very unique black pea-like leathery pod, 2 to 3 inches long, surface fuzzy-white to shiny, resembling dark pearls on a string or sometimes beads together and constricted between seeds, ripens in late summer and persists.
Twig: Moderate, green, buds mostly sunken, 3 bundle scars per leaf scar.
Bark: Red-brown to gray-brown, irregularly ridged and furrowed, ridge tops becoming scaly, older bark very rough.
Form: A shrub or small tree commonly to 20 feet, may reach 35 feet, with an irregular crown.
*text and photos courtesy Oana Popescu and Carol Loopstra, Texas A&M
Looks like: Japanese pagoda tree
- mescal bean
- black locust
| Additional Range Information:
Styphnolobium affine is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting Texas sophora.
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson