yellowroot Ranunculaceae Xanthorhiza simplicissima Marsh. Listen to the Latin symbol: XASI Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Alternate, pinnately or bipinnately compound, deciduous, 4 to 8 inches, yellow-green, 3-5 leaflets per leaf, 1-3 inches long, serrate to deeply toothed, petioles long and slender, maroon to yellow fall color.
Flower: Drooping four-inch sparse clusters, yellow to purple-brown, appearing in early spring, individual flowers are small, star-like with 5 petals.
Fruit: A star-shaped cluster of follicles, initially green and fleshy, drying and turning brown.
Twig: Terminal buds cigar-shaped, sharp-pointed and scaly, leaf scars narrow and nearly encircling the twig, with many bundle scars in a distinct row.
Bark: Gray-brown and smooth, inner bark yellow.
Form: Suckering and clumping, generally a ground cover, to 3 feet tall.
leaf fruit twig form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Xanthorhiza simplicissima is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting yellowroot.
More: Fall Color
External Links:
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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