shadblow serviceberry Rosaceae Amelanchier
canadensis (L.) Medik. symbol: AMCA4
Leaf: Alternate, simple, ovate, pinnately-veined, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, finely serrate. Green above, may be pale pubescent below when young.
Flower: Showy with 5 long (1/2 inch) strap-like white petals, borne on 3 inch racemes, appear before the leaves, in early spring.
Fruit: Ripening in early to mid summer, 1/4 to 3/8 inch in diameter, rounded, red ripening to dark purple or black when ripe, edible.
Twig: Slender, flexible, red-brown in color, may be covered with fine hairs when young; buds may be up to 1/2 inch long, pointed, covered with scales, may have hairy margins, light yellow-green to reddish yellow.
Bark: Smooth when young, ashy-gray with dark stripes; later becoming rough with long splits and furrows.
Form: A suckering shrub or small tree with a narrow crown, usually with multiple upright stems, to 25 feet.
Looks like: downy serviceberry - Alleghany serviceberry - American beech
Additional Range Information: Amelanchier canadensis is native to North America. Range may be expanded by planting. See states reporting shadblow serviceberry.
External Links: USDA Plants Database - Horticulture Information - USDAFS Forest Products Lab
All material © 2018 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range maps courtesy USGS from USDA "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr., Vol. 1 (1971) 3 (1976) 4 (1977) 5 (1978)