red hickory Juglandaceae Carya
ovalis (Wangenh.) Sarg.
|Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, 8 to 12 inches long, with 5 or 9 leaflets (most often 7), leaflets are lanceolate and finely serrate, green above and below, rachis is slender and may be pubescent or glabrous, often red.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males are drooping catkins, with three hanging from one stalk, 2 to 3 inches long; females are short and found in clusters at the end of the branches, appearing in mid-spring..
Fruit: Nearly globose, 1 to 1 1/2 inches, with a thin husk that mostly splits to base upon maturation, nut is not ribbed and the seed is usually sweet, matures in early fall.
Twig: Moderately stout to slender (when compared to the other hickories) and glabrous; leaf scars are 3-lobed to cordate - best described as a "monkey face"; terminal bud is small and light brown in color.
Bark: The bark on young trees is smooth, soon becoming finely shaggy, later developing obvious close interlacing shaggy-topped ridges.
Form: A medium sized tree with a rounded crown and a straight trunk, reaching up to 80 feet tall.
Looks like: pignut hickory
- shagbark hickory
- mockernut hickory
- sand hickory
| Additional Range Information:
Carya ovalis is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting red hickory.
Fall Color Wood
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2015, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson