buckwheat tree Cyrillaceae Cliftonia
monophylla (Lam.) Britton ex Sarg.
|Leaf: Evergreen, alternate, simple, thick and leathery, obovate to lanceolate, 1 1/2 to 4 inches long, dark green and shiny above, lighter below, with a prominent midrib and very short petioles.
Flower: Small, white to pink, 5 petals, fragrant occurring in upright clusters at the branch tips or in axils, 2 to 4 inches long, appearing in spring.
Fruit: Two to 5-winged drupe that closely resemble the fruit of Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum), yellow-green changing to brown.
Twig: Reddish brown to gray-brown and slender.
Bark: When very young, gray and shreddy-scaly, becoming gray-brown and smooth, older bark developes splits and may become scaly.
Form: A shrub or small tree to 25 feet, with an open, irregular crown. May form dense thickets.
Looks like: swamp cyrilla
- common sweetleaf
- summersweet clethra
| Additional Range Information:
Cliftonia monophylla is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting buckwheat tree.
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson