chir pine Pinaceae Pinus
roxburghii Sarg. symbol: --
Leaf: Evergreen but almost tardily deciduous) needles, to nearly 1 foot long, 3 per fascicle, slender; shiny green; persist 1 year.
Flower: Species is monoecious; male cones in yellow spikes; female cones greenish-brown.
Fruit: Egg-shaped or elongated, to 8 inches long, shiny brown, cone scales thick with a protruding rounded tip.
Twig: Thick, red-brown, buds not resinous.
Bark: Mature bark is dark reddish brown; thick with scaly topped ridges and furrows.
Form: A large tree capable of reaching over 150 feet in height, with a straight trunk, coarse branches and tufted needles at ends of branches.
Looks like: Monterey pine
Additional Range Information: Pinus roxburghii is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and is not known to widely escape cultivaton. See the full-size PDF map.
All material © 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range map source information