Virginia Tech Dendrology

copal Burseraceae Bursera hindsiana (Benth.) Engler Listen to the Latin symbol: --
Leaf: Alternate, simple, drought deciduous, serrate, to 2 inches, occasionally trifoliate, aromatic when crushed.
Flower: Small, inconspicuous, borne in late fall.
Fruit: Yellow to reddish brown, egg-shaped, 1/2 inch long, splitting into 3 pieces at maturity.
Twig: Resinous, moderate, reddish brown.
Bark: Tight and smooth, shiny reddish brown to gray-brown.
Form: A small wide-spreading tree, to 10 or 12 feet.
Looks like: fragrant bursera - elephant tree - torote blanco
leaf twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information: Bursera hindsiana is native to North America. Range may be expanded by planting. See states reporting copal.

All material © 2018 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654