Brazilian peppertree Anacardiaceae Schinus
|Leaf: Evergreen, alternate, pinnately compound, 3 to 12 inches long, drooping (often curved) foliage with 3 to 13 ovate to lanceolate entire or serrate leaflets (very immature leaves may be toothed) each 1 to 2 inches long, reddish sometimes winged rachis, turpentine fragrance, shiny green to yellow-green above and paler below with pale midribs.
Flower: Species is dioecious; small flowers with 5 white petals and yellow centers, in 2-3 inch clusters, appearing in late summer to early fall.
Fruit: Pink to red, round, berry-like, 1/8 to 1/4 inch across in tight, peppery fragrance, ripen in midwinter and persisting with the meat drying out and the papery skin remaining on the seed.
Twig: Yellow-green, leaf scars are narrow and broadly v-shaped.
Bark: Initially smooth gray-brown, later becoming irregularly furrowed with reddish brown splits and grayish ridges.
Form: A small (up to 40 feet) tree with a spreading crown, branch tips drooping.
Looks like: peppertree
- Chinese pistache
- shining sumac
- poison sumac
| Additional Range Information:
Schinus terebinthifolius is planted in the USDA
hardiness zones shown above and may seed
into the landscape. See
states reporting Brazilian peppertree.
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson