umbrella pine Sciadopityaceae Sciadopitys
verticillata (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc. symbol: --
Leaf: Long (2 to 4 inches), flat needles that occur in dense whorls near ends of branches, shiny dark green above, single bluish line below, arrangement gives the appearance of an umbrella frame.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males 1/3 inch long in dense terminal clusters, reddish- to yellow-green; females light green, egg-shaped 1/3 inch long.
Fruit: Reddish brown, egg-shaped cone, 2 to 4 inches long with thick scales.
Twig: Stout, initially green with small-scale-like leaves alternating along stem, later turning reddish brown.
Bark: Reddish brown, exfoliating strips.
Form: Upright tree with a conical crown reaching 30 or more feet tall. Very old trees in Japan can be 60 to 70 feet tall. Most in North America gardens are 20 to 30 feet tall due to their very slow growth rates.
Looks like: fern pine - shrubby yew
Additional Range Information: Sciadopitys verticillata is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and is not known to widely escape cultivaton. See the full-size PDF map.
External Links: Horticulture Information
All material © 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range map source information