umbrella pine Sciadopityaceae Sciadopitys
verticillata (Thunb.) Sieb. & Zucc.
|Leaf: Long (2 to 4 inches), flat needles that occur in dense whorls near ends of branches, shiny dark green above, single bluish line below, arrangement gives the appearance of an umbrella frame.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males 1/3 inch long in dense terminal clusters, reddish- to yellow-green; females light green, egg-shaped 1/3 inch long.
Fruit: Reddish brown, egg-shaped cone, 2 to 4 inches long with thick scales.
Twig: Stout, initially green with small-scale-like leaves alternating along stem, later turning reddish brown.
Bark: Reddish brown, exfoliating strips.
Form: Upright tree with a conical crown reaching 30 or more feet tall. Very old trees in Japan can be 60 to 70 feet tall. Most in North America gardens are 20 to 30 feet tall due to their very slow growth rates.
Looks like: fern pine
- shrubby yew
| Additional Range Information:
Sciadopitys verticillata is planted in the USDA
hardiness zones shown above and is not known to widely escape
| External Links:
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson