Bishop pine Pinaceae Pinus muricata D. Don Listen to the Latin symbol: PIMU Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Evergreen needles, 4 to 6 inches long in fascicles of 2, stout, twisted, dull blue-green (northern populations) or yellow-green (southern populations).
Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, purple, in tight clusters at branch tips; females, reddish purple in groups of 3 or 4 at branch tips.
Fruit: Woody cone, 2 to 3 inches long, egg-shaped, assymetrical with thick spiny scales, often serotinous, clustered in rings around the branches and persistent for many years.
Twig: Moderately stout, reddish brown; buds large and reddish brown.
Bark: Initially smooth, reddish-gray, later becoming more gray and developing rounded, scaly ridges and becoming quite thick.
Form: Rounded crown with stout branches reaching 40 to 70 feet in height, often with a crooked single trunk.

Looks like: knobcone pine - ponderosa pine - lodgepole pine - Monterey pine
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Pinus muricata is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting Bishop pine.
External Links:
USDAFS Additional Silvics
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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