Bishop pine Pinaceae Pinus
muricata D. Don symbol: PIMU
Leaf: Evergreen needles, 4 to 6 inches long in fascicles of 2, stout, twisted, dull blue-green (northern populations) or yellow-green (southern populations).
Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, purple, in tight clusters at branch tips; females, reddish purple in groups of 3 or 4 at branch tips.
Fruit: Woody cone, 2 to 3 inches long, egg-shaped, assymetrical with thick spiny scales, often serotinous, clustered in rings around the branches and persistent for many years.
Twig: Moderately stout, reddish brown; buds large and reddish brown.
Bark: Initially smooth, reddish-gray, later becoming more gray and developing rounded, scaly ridges and becoming quite thick.
Form: Rounded crown with stout branches reaching 40 to 70 feet in height, often with a crooked single trunk.
Looks like: knobcone pine - ponderosa pine - lodgepole pine - Monterey pine
Additional Range Information: Pinus muricata is native to North America. Range may be expanded by planting. See states reporting Bishop pine.
External Links: USDAFS Additional Silvics - USDA Plants Database
All material © 2018 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654