Swiss stone pine Pinaceae Pinus cembra L. Listen to the Latin symbol: PICE2 Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Evergreen needles, 2 to 3 1/2 inches long in fascicles of 5, thin, straight, green to blue-green, white stomatal lines on inner edges, deciduous fascicle sheath, dense foliage, persisting for 3 to 5 years.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, purple, in tight clusters at branch tips; females, reddish purple in small groups at branch tips.
Fruit: Woody cone, nearly round, up to 3 inches long, thick, purple-brown scales, scales remain closed; large, wingless edible seed, seeds are disseminated by birds and when cones fall to the ground and rot.
Twig: Moderately stout, densely covered in orange-brown hairs when young, later becoming smooth; ovoid buds are reddish brown.
Bark: Smooth green-gray when young, becoming furrowed with flat scaly gray-brown ridges.
Form: Reaches up to 80 feet tall, generally shorter in the landscape, initially with a narrow, dense crown, later becoming broader and more open with upturned branches that are retained close to the ground, very picturesque in its high elevation native habitat.

Looks like: Japanese white pine
leaf fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Pinus cembra is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and is not known to widely escape cultivaton.
External Links:
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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