shrub live oak Fagaceae Quercus turbinella Greene Listen to the Latin symbol: QUTU2 Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Alternate, evergreen, simple, elliptical, 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches long, spine-tipped lobes (holly- like), leathery and stiff, dull gray-green (may have some whitish bloom) and smooth or finely fuzzy beneath.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males in drooping 1 inch long catkins, yellow-green; females very small spikes in leaf axils, appearing with the leaves.
Fruit: Narrowly oblong acorn, 1/2 to 1 inch long; shallow, warty cap covers 1/4 to 1/3 of nut; ripens in 1 season in early fall or even late summer.
Twig: Slender, reddish brown with some fine tan fuzz when young; buds clustered, globose.
Bark: Light gray and finely scaly.
Form: A large clump forming dense shrub up to 15 feet, occasionally a small tree.

Looks like: scrub oak - gray oak - canyon live oak - Emory oak
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Quercus turbinella is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting shrub live oak.
External Links:
USDAFS Additional Silvics
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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