southern catalpa Bignoniaceae Catalpa
|Leaf: May be opposite or whorled, pinnately veined, 5 to 12 inches long.
Flower: Very showy, white with purple streaks, in branched, upright cluster, arranged in bell-shaped corollas of 5 lobes, appearing in late spring.
Fruit: Flattened seeds with 2-papery, fringed wings encased in a distinctive 8 to 14 inches long "cigar-like" or "bean-like" capsule; the seeds mature in autumn, but the capsule may remain attached over winter.
Twig: Stout, green, and later reddish brown in color; terminal bud absent; lateral buds small and covered with overlapping, red-brown scales; leaf scars elliptical to round; pith continuous.
Bark: Separated into irregular shallow fissures with reddish brown scales.
Form: A medium sized tree with spreading branches and an irregular crown. The bole may be straight but is generally crooked.
Looks like: northern catalpa
- royal paulownia
- dragon tree
- tungoil tree
| Additional Range Information:
Catalpa bignonioides is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting southern catalpa.
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson