honey mesquite Fabaceae Prosopis
|Leaf: Alternate, bipinnately compound, 3 to 6 inches long, usually with only two major leaflets (may occasionally have 2 to 3 pairs), each leaflet with 10 to 16 pairs of narrow minor leaflets (3/8 to 1 inch long) with entire margins and smooth surfaces, green to gray green above, paler below.
Flower: Small pale yellow to yellow-green in 2 to 3 inch long slender spikes in clusters of 2 to 6, appearing in late spring to early summer.
Fruit: A 3 to 7 inch long, tubular legume, slightly swollen at seeds, light brown, ripening in mid to late summer.
Twig: Light brown, slightly zigzag with obvious paired slender, spines (up to 1 inch long) at the base of each leaf; knobby spur branches may also be present.
Bark: Very distinct, rough shreddy to scaly, outer older bark gray-brown, newer bark reddish brown.
Form: A thicket forming, small tree to large shrub (up to 25 feet), typically with several crooked and arching stems forming a broad round crown.
Looks like: screwbean mesquite
- velvet mesquite
- catclaw acacia
| Additional Range Information:
Prosopis glandulosa is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting honey mesquite.
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson