vernal witch-hazel Hamamelidaceae Hamamelis vernalis Sarg. Listen to the Latin symbol: HAVE2 Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Alternate, simple, inequalateral, 3 to 5 inches long, ovate to oblong, wavy toothed to dentate margin, base often very wedge-shaped, dark green above, paler and often fuzzy below.
Flower: Yellow to red, each about 1/2 inch across, long (1/2 inch), thin, thread-like petals, appearing in bunches from late winter to early spring.
Fruit: Dry woody capsule (1/2 inch long), black seeds are forcibly discharged when they split into two in late summer, initially green-brown and later turning tan, old capsules persistent.
Twig: Slender, fuzzy light brown; vegetative buds naked, appear as a folded, small leaf; flower buds round, clustered and stalked.
Bark: Smooth, gray-brown.
Form: A suckering, multi-stemmed medium sized (10 feet) shrub with a rounded crown.

Looks like: witch-hazel - witch-hazel - Persian ironwood - dwarf fothergilla
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Hamamelis vernalis is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting vernal witch-hazel.
External Links:
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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