Leaf: Alternate, deciduous, evergreen or semi-evergreen depending on the species, oval, ovate to lanceolate, 1 to 3 inches long, entire margins, shiny dark green above.
Flower: Small and somewhat inconspicuous, white, in bunches, appearing in late spring and summer.
Fruit: Small pome, 1/3 inch across, most species are red or orange in color, ripen in late summer and persist.
Twig: Slender, reddish brown to gray-brown, buds are small with only a few scales. Stiff side branches often create a characteristic herringbone pattern.
Bark: Smooth, but some species get a bit scaly and peel.
Form: Varies depending on species, some are upright shrubs with spreading branches and others are ground covers with arching stems.
Looks like: scarlet firethorn
Additional Range Information: Cotoneaster spp. is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and may seed into the landscape. Download the full-size PDF map.
External Links: USDA Plants Database
All material © 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range map source information