crossvine Bignoniaceae Bignonia capreolata L. Listen to the Latin symbol: BICA Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Opposite, compound with only two leaflets, evergreen (or nearly so), ovate to lanceolate, entire margins, 3 to 5 inches long, rachis ends with a branched tendril, dark green in summer, bronze red in winter.
Flower: Attractive, tube like, flaring and spreading at the ends, 2 inches long, reddish brown on outside, and brighter and orange to yellow on the inside, appears in spring.
Fruit: Long (4 to 7 inches), slender, flat capsule, brown containing numerous winged seeds, matures in late summer.
Twig: gray-brown somewhat square, cross-section reveals a cross pattern, numerous tendrils with suction cups on ends.
Bark: Gray-brown, becoming finely scaly with longitudinal splits.
Form: A high climbing, twining vine with tendrils.

Looks like: trumpet creeper
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Bignonia capreolata is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting crossvine.
More: Fall Color
External Links:
USDA Plants Database
© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
Virginia Tech Homepage CNRE FREC