water birch Betulaceae Betula occidentalis Hook. Listen to the Latin symbol: BEOC2 Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Alternate, simple, deciduous, ovate to diamond-shaped, 3/4 to 2 inches long, yellow-green above and initially sticky but becoming smooth, paler and glandular below. Margins distinctly serrated or doubly serrated, except near the base.
Flower: Species is monoecious; with both sexes borne in aments (catkins), male aments preformed and clustered, female aments usually solitary.
Fruit: A cylindrical papery strobile (cone) that disintegrates at maturity, 1 inch long, seeds are tiny winged nutlets.
Twig: Young twigs are green and sticky, but turn reddish brown and resin-dotted, eventually turn gray-brown and smooth.
Bark: Thin and smooth, but dotted with conspicuous lenticles, almost black when young, but turning reddish brown to copper-colored as it ages, older bark may loosen and curl but does not exfoliate.
Form: A loosely branched deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 40 feet tall and 1 foot in diameter.

Looks like: paper birch
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Betula occidentalis is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting water birch.
More: Fall Color
External Links:
USDAFS Additional Silvics
USDA Plants Database
© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
Virginia Tech Homepage CNRE FREC