common Chinafir Cupressaceae Cunninghamia
lanceolata (Lamb.) Hook. symbol: CULA
Leaf: Evergreen, linear, gradually tapering to a sharp point, 1 to 3 inches long, thick and tough, spirally arranged but displayed two-ranked; shiny dark green above, two broad white stomatal bands below; remain alive for up to 5 years and are very persistent when dead.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical in terminal clusters, yellow-brown; females globuse, yellow-green and terminal.
Fruit: Round cones 1 1/2 to 2 inches across, reflexed pointed scales, usually several together at the ends of branches, persistent.
Twig: Green the first year, needles densely arranged, young branches whorled, later becoming more irregular.
Bark: Gray-brown on the outside, irregularly scaly and peeling to reveal the reddish brown inner bark.
Form: Conical crown with a broad base up to 75 feet tall.
Looks like: Japanese cryptomeria
Additional Range Information: Cunninghamia lanceolata is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and is not known to widely escape cultivaton.
External Links: USDA Plants Database - Horticulture Information
All material © 2018 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range maps courtesy USGS from USDA "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr., Vol. 1 (1971) 3 (1976) 4 (1977) 5 (1978)