Leaf: Short, scale-like, 1/16 to 1/8 inch long, several occur in a whorl at nodes, green.
Flower: Light brown; males occur in slender spikes at branch tips; females occur in round clusters near base of branchlets.
Fruit: Cone-like, round, with numerous pointed scales, 1/2 to 3/4 inch in diameter, reddish brown.
Twig: Slender, hanging, green, covered tightly in scale-like foliage, older branches become scaly and gray-brown.
Bark: Initially smooth, later developing scaly strips, gray to reddish brown.
Form: Medium tree that can reach 100 feet tall, vase shaped crown, and straight trunk.
Looks like: athel tamarisk - tamarisk
Additional Range Information: Casuarina equisetifolia is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and may seed into the landscape. Download the full-size PDF map.
External Links: USDAFS Silvics of North America - USDAFS FEIS Silvics - USDA Plants Database - Horticulture Information - USDAFS Forest Products Lab
All material © 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range map source information