large gallberry Aquifoliaceae Ilex
coriacea (Pursh) Chapm.
|Leaf: Alternate, simple, irregularly serrated or spine-tipped, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, oblong to obovate, evergreen, leathery, shiny and dark green above, lighter and dull beneath.
Flower: Species is dioecious; small, greenish white and inconspicuous, appearing in late spring.
Fruit: Small, nearly black, shiny berry-like drupes, 1/3 inch in diameter, ripening in fall, less persistent than other hollies.
Twig: Slender, finely hairy, may be sticky, small light brown buds.
Bark: Smooth, grayish brown and mottled.
Form: An evergreen shrub or small tree that reaches heights to 20 feet, very open crown.
Looks like: inkberry
- American holly
| Additional Range Information:
Ilex coriacea is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting large gallberry.
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson