large gallberry Aquifoliaceae Ilex coriacea (Pursh) Chapm. Listen to the Latin symbol: ILCO Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Alternate, simple, irregularly serrated or spine-tipped, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, oblong to obovate, evergreen, leathery, shiny and dark green above, lighter and dull beneath.
Flower: Species is dioecious; small, greenish white and inconspicuous, appearing in late spring.
Fruit: Small, nearly black, shiny berry-like drupes, 1/3 inch in diameter, ripening in fall, less persistent than other hollies.
Twig: Slender, finely hairy, may be sticky, small light brown buds.
Bark: Smooth, grayish brown and mottled.
Form: An evergreen shrub or small tree that reaches heights to 20 feet, very open crown.

Looks like: inkberry - American holly - dahoon
leaf fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Ilex coriacea is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting large gallberry.
External Links:
USDAFS Additional Silvics
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
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