swamp cottonwood Salicaceae Populus
heterophylla L. symbol: POHE4
|Leaf: Alternate, simple, broadly ovate, serrated margin, heart-shaped base, 4 to 7 inches long, petiole round, green above and paler below.
Flower: Species is dioecious; males occur in 1 inch long catkins, females occur in a sparse flowered catkin, appearing before leaves.
Fruit: Half inch capsules in hanging catkins, appearing in spring.
Twig: Stout, reddish or greenish brown, lighter lenticels, large leaf scar, orange-brown pith; buds are 1/3 inch long, reddish brown, broad and pointed, slightly gummy. Twig has a bitter aspirin taste.
Bark: Gray-brown, strongly vertically ridged.
Form: Medium to large tree that can reach heights over 80 feet, straight trunk and clear bole.
Looks like: eastern cottonwood
- water tupelo
| Additional Range Information:
Populus heterophylla is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting swamp cottonwood.
Fall Color Wood
| External Links:
Silvics of North America
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2015, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson