Leaf: Opposite, pinnately compound, 5 to 7 leaflets, leaflets 2 to 4 inches long with a usually serrated margin, leaf 5 to 10 inches long, dark green above, paler and smooth below.
Flower: Species is dioecious; in clusters, green to purple, appearing in spring.
Fruit: Broad-winged samara, 1 1/2 to 2 inches long, 1/2 to 3/4 inch wide, seed may be three-winged and the seed cavity is not distinct.
Twig: Moderate, smooth or may be somewhat fuzzy, gray-brown, opposite leaf scars oval with lateral bud only slightly set down into leaf scar.
Bark: Scaly, gray to slightly orange-brown, splotchy.
Form: Small tree up to 30 feet, 6 inches in diameter.
Looks like: pumpkin ash - green ash
Additional Range Information: Fraxinus caroliniana is native to North America. Range may be expanded by planting. Download the full-size PDF map.
External Links: USDA Plants Database
All material © 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range map source information