Leaf: Alternate, palmately compound, typically 3, heart-shaped, serrated leaflets, glandular red hairs and small spines on petiole.
Flower: Greenish with small white petals, small reddish hairs present, appears in late spring to early summer, not showy.
Fruit: Juicy, red to orangish red, multiple of drupes, may have fine hairs, ripen mid summer. When picked they separate from the fleshy core forming a hollow shell.
Twig: Arching "canes" covered in red gland tipped hairs, initially green but later turning red, canes root at tip.
Form: Arching canes reach 4 to 6 feet high and often form thickets.
Looks like: raspberry - Alleghany blackberry - black raspberry - dewberry
Additional Range Information: Rubus phoenicolasius is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and may seed into the landscape. Download the full-size PDF map.
More Information: Fall Color
External Links: USDAFS FEIS Silvics - USDA Plants Database
All material © 2019 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654; range map source information