European white poplar Salicaceae Populus alba L. Listen to the Latin symbol: POAL7 Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 2 to 4 inches long, margins are coarsely toothed and sometimes lobed (maple-like), shiny green above and silvery white-wooly beneath.
Flower: Species is dioecious; male and female as pendulous catkins, 2 to 3 inches long, appearing before the leaves.
Fruit: Cottony seeds borne in dehiscent capsules which mature in late spring to early summer.
Twig: Medium-textured, gray to reddish brown and may have some gray pubescence; buds are ovate and pointed, reddish brown with some gray fine hairs, laterals are somewhat hooked. Has a bitter aspirin taste.
Bark: Smooth and milky greenish white for several years, later developing numerous lenticels which enlarge and develop into shallow dark splits and ridges.
Form: Generally a single straight trunk, with a thin, narrow crown. Coppices readily so it is often forms thickets.

Looks like: bigtooth aspen - quaking aspen
leaf flower fruit twig bark form map
Additional Range Information:
Populus alba is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and may seed into the landscape. See states reporting European white poplar.
More: Fall Color
External Links:
USDA Plants Database
Horticulture
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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