Virginia Tech Dendrology

mugo pine Pinaceae Pinus mugo Turra Listen to the Latin symbol: PIMU80
Leaf: Evergreen needles in fascicles of 2, curved but not twisted around each other, 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches long, stiff, medium to dark green, persist for many years.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males cylindrical, yellowish, in clusters; females yellow-green to purple.
Fruit: Small cones, borne singly or in small cluster, 1 to 2 inches long, grayish brown at maturity.
Twig: Moderate, typically short growth, very dense foliage, gray-brown buds and stem.
Bark: Brownish gray, on older stems splits and irregular plates develop, raised bumps on smaller stems.
Form: Most planted cultivars are small bushy, round shrubs, 15 to 20 feet in height. It can get much larger (50 feet).
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information: Pinus mugo is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and is not known to widely escape cultivaton.
External Links: USDA Plants Database - Horticulture Information
All material © 2018 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson; Silvics reprinted from Ag Handbook 654