|Leaf: Alternate, simple, entire but may have a few shallow lobes at tip, elliptical to oblong-obovate, leathery and nearly evergreen, edges may be rolled, 1 to 3 inches long, 1/2 to 1 inch wide, shiny dark green above, paler below.
Flower: Species is monoecious; male flowers are yellow-green long catkins (1 1/2 to 3 inches long), females are green to reddish, very small spike in leaf axils, appearing with the leaves.
Fruit: Small acorn (1/2 inch or less), nut round, brown with some fuzz, cap is shallow covering 1/4 of nut.
Twig: Slender, light brown to gray, hairless; buds are sharp pointed reddish brown and clustered at twig ends.
Bark: Initially smooth, and gray-brown, later splitting into fissures and flat ridges and becoming darker.
Form: Medium size tree to 60 feet, 1 to 3 feet in diameter, usually smaller with a rounded crown.
Looks like: laurel oak
- shingle oak
- bluejack oak
- willow oak