redwood Cupressaceae Sequoia
sempervirens (Lamb. ex D. Don) Endl.
|Leaf: Evergreen, 1/2 to 1 inch long, linear, two-ranked and flattened, yellow-green to green, upper side of needle has sparse stomatal bloom while underside has two distinct bands. Leaves on cone-bearing branches may be scale-like.
Flower: Species is monoecious; both males and females are very small and occur near the ends of shoots; males are oblong; females egg-shaped.
Fruit: Woody cone, 3/4 to 1 inch long, reddish-brown, basically egg-shaped, mature in one season.
Twig: Slender, often drooping, initially green and later turning brown.
Bark: Very thick (up to 1 foot), deeply furrowed with rounded ridges, fibrous, reddish to gray-brown.
Form: Very large, tall, straight tree (over 300 feet) with a narrow, loose crown.
Looks like: giant sequoia
| Additional Range Information:
Sequoia sempervirens is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting redwood.
| External Links:
Silvics of North America
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2015, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson