Engelmann spruce Pinaceae Picea
engelmannii Parry ex Engelm.
|Leaf: Evergreen, four-sided needles (1 inch long), which are sharp, flexible and bluish green. Each needle borne on a raised, woody peg (sterigma).
Flower: Species is monoecious; male flowers cylindrical, purple and hanging in lower crown; females cylindrical, red and upright in the upper crown.
Fruit: Cone, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, thin, flexible scales are somewhat wavy, light brown.
Twig: Brown, with fine hairs present. Bud scales tighter than some other spruces.
Bark: Thin, reddish brown, sometimes with purple tint, becoming very scaly and loose.
Form: Medium to large tree (80 to 100 feet tall), straight trunk, narrow crown. At the highest elevations it will appear very windswept.
Looks like: blue spruce
- Sitka spruce
- Brewer spruce
- subalpine fir
| Additional Range Information:
Picea engelmannii is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting Engelmann spruce.
| External Links:
Silvics of North America
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson