European larch Pinaceae Larix decidua Mill. Listen to the Latin play symbol: LADE2 Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Deciduous, appearing singly on new growth and in whorls on older growth, 1 inch long, light green in color.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males light yellow, small and round; females yellow to red, with long, curved scales.
Fruit: Cones are 1 to 1 1/2 inches long, ovoid, composed of many scales that are longer than the bracts, borne upright on the twig, maturing fall to early winter.
Twig: Straw-colored, bearing rounded buds. Spur shoots present on older growth, buds dark brown.
Bark: On young trees the bark is scaly and gray, later becoming furrowed with a reddish brown inner bark.
Form: Well formed, with a straight stem, pyramidal crown, and drooping lateral branches.

Looks like: Dunkeld larch - Japanese larch - tamarack - western larch
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information:
Larix decidua is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and may seed into the landscape. See states reporting European larch.
External Links:
USDAFS Additional Silvics
USDA Plants Database
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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