northern white-cedar Cupressaceae Thuja occidentalis L. Listen to the Latin play symbol: THOC2 Other Fact Sheets
Leaf: Evergreen, scale-like, on main shoots, 1/4 inch long with long points. Lateral shoots are flattened, 1/8 inch long with short points.
Flower: Species is monoecious; solitary, females green with 4 to 6 scales; males are green tipped with brown and globose.
Fruit: A cone, 1/2 inch long, oblong, borne upright on the branches, scales are leathery, red-brown and rounded, with a small spine on the tip.
Twig: New growth is green and scale-like, turning brown, occurring in very flattened foliar sprays.
Bark: Fibrous, red-brown, weathering to gray; diamond-shaped patterns are usually apparent.
Form: A small to medium sized tree shaped like an arrowhead - a pyramid with a broad base and a small, round top, often with several main trunks.

Looks like: Atlantic white-cedar - Sawara-cedar - western redcedar - Oriental arborvitae
leaf flower fruit twig bark form map
Additional Range Information:
Thuja occidentalis is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting northern white-cedar.
External Links:
USDAFS Silvics of North America
USDAFS Additional Silvics
Landowner Factsheet
USDA Plants Database
Horticulture
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Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
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Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson
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