bilberry Ericaceae Vaccinium
|Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical to ovate, to 1 1/2 inch long, margins serrate, green above and paler beneath.
Flower: Species is monoecious; small (1/4 inch), solitary, pink, bell-shaped.
Fruit: Very small (1/4 inch), blue-black berries with reddish flesh, edible.
Twig: Slender, zigzag and sharply angled, green, mostly hairless; buds small and pointed.
Bark: Initially green, becoming reddish brown, smooth.
Form: Low growing, highly branched (may resemble a broom) deciduous shrub usually under 1 foot tall; forms rhizomatous thickets.
| Additional Range Information:
Vaccinium myrtillus is native to North America.
Range may be expanded by planting.
See states reporting bilberry.
| External Links:
USDA Plants Database
|© Copyright 2016, Virginia Tech|
Dept. of Forest Resources
and Environmental Conservation,
all rights reserved.
Photos and text by: John Seiler,
Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera,
and John Peterson