American basswood is a deciduous tree of many uses. The relatively soft wood is valued for hand carving. The flower nectar makes choice honey, and the seeds, buds, and twigs are eaten by a variety of wildlife. American basswood is also tolerant of a range of soils and moisture regimes, and is planted widely as a shade tree.
American basswood is shade tolerant and regenerated by a number of methods, provided site quality is good. Clearcuts, shelterwoods, group and single tree selections work. Vigorous stump sprouting compliments seeding.
Typically occurs on moist sites, but can grow on a wide variety of soils including on ridgetops.
A medium sized tree to 80 feet. Older trees very often sprout from the base when cut. Stumps sprout prolifically, often resulting in clumps of several trees.
American basswood is used for wood carving, cooperage, excelsior, boxes, veneer, and pulpwood. The bark is used for rope, baskets, mats, and nets.
Bees utilize the abundant nectar. Seeds are eaten by mice, voles, chipmunks, and squirrels. Deer browse twigs and foliage.
Attracts mice, voles, chipmunks, squirrels, deer, wood ducks, pileated woodpeckers
Insects and Diseases
Tilia is a useful tree - the inner bark may be woven into rope, the wood is soft and easy to carve, the flowers make an excellent honey, the buds are edible and the big, soft, papery leaves are the woodsman's friend. The name basswood refers to "bass cloth" made from the fibrous bark of the tree.
Tilia: Latin name of Linden / americana: of America
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