Landowner Fact Sheets

cucumbertree Magnolia acuminata play

Cucumbertree is a common forest tree on rich moist soils, but it is rarely locally abundant. The wood is very similar to yellow-poplar, and it is usually sold alongside yellow-poplar.

range map Click to see more images. fall color wood grain

Cucumbertree is generally not regenerated intentionally.

Cucumbertree is scattered throughout its range, and is never abundant. It is most often found on loose, moist, rich soils of lower slopes and coves.


Pyramidal when young, developing a straight trunk and a rounded crown reaching up to 80 feet tall.

Timber Value
Used as yellow-poplar, for furniture, cabinets, veneer, plywood, and pulpwood.

Wildlife Value
Deer browse the young trees, and a variety of birds and small mammals eat the seeds.
Attracts birds, small mammals, deer

Insects and Diseases

Fun Facts
Cucumbertree is utilized much like yellow-poplar. The name cucumber is after the unripe green fruits.

Latin Meaning
Magnolia: after Pierre Magnol, French botanist / acuminata: long pointed leaf tip

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Landowner Factsheets © 2004 Virginia Tech Forestry Department, all rights reserved. Text, images, and programming by: Dr. Jeff Kirwan, Dr. John R. Seiler, John A. Peterson, Edward C. Jensen, Guy Phillips, or Andrew S. Meeks.