Balsam poplar is a wide-ranging deciduous species of northern, transcontinental distribution. In fact, balsam poplar is the northernmost occuring of all North American hardwoods. Like other poplars, balsam poplar is fast growing, browsed by wildlife and useful for a variety of wood products.
Balsam poplar is intolerant of shade and fast growing, and this allows for regeneration primarily by the clearcut method.
Northern species found on moist bottomlands and stream banks.
Medium sized tree reaching up to 80 feet tall, narrow, pyramidal crown.
Balsam poplar is used for house logs, boxes, crates, brackets, veneer, corestock, and pulp.
A variety of animals browse balsam poplar, particularly during times of food shortage.
Attracts rodents, hares, beaver, moose, deer, elk, ruffed grouse
Insects and Diseases
A rapidly growing tree. The light, soft, wood is used for crates, boxes and pulp. Grouse eat the buds, and twigs are browsed by moose and deer. Balsam poplar groves exude a cinnamon-like fragrance coinciding with springtime bud break. Balm of Gilead is made from the resinous gum.
Populus: Latin name / balsamifera ssp. balsamifera: balsam bearing
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