White oak is a deciduous species of wide distribution across the eastern U.S. It is reknowned for its quality wood, acorn production for wildlife, and picturesque stature in old age.
White oak's intermediate shade tolerance allows for regeneration by shelterwood or group selection methods. Clearcutting is feasible if white oak saplings are numerous in the understory. White oak stump sprouts, and this may compliment regeneration. Reduction of competition will help counter white oak's slow growth.
White oak can be found on a variety of soils, but is most commonly associated with coves and deep, moist soils.
A very large tree; when open grown, white oaks have rugged, irregular crowns that are wide spreading, with a stocky bole. In the forest crowns are upright and oval with trees reaching up to 100 feet tall and several feet in diameter.
White oak is used for lumber for beams, railroad ties, bridge planking, mine timbers, flooring, furniture, veneer, barrel staves, etc.
Over 180 wildlife species have been reported to use white oak acorns for food. Twigs and foliage are browsed by deer.
Attracts squirrels, mice, chipmunks, raccoons, bluejays, crows, woodpeckers, turkeys, quail, ducks, deer
Insects and Diseases
White oak can grow to a very large size and live 3 to 5 centuries. It is a useful tree, producing edible acorns (soak them first to wash out tannins), preferred by turkey and deer. The wood is used for "tight cooperage" and is frequently used for whiskey and wine barrels. It is also used for flooring, furniture and interior finishing. It is considered by some to be the best wood of all the white oak species.
Quercus: Latin name / alba: white
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