Japanese yew Taxaceae Taxus cuspidata
Leaf:Evergreen needles, single, spirally arranged but appearing 2-ranked on shaded branches, needles lay very flat, approximately 1 inch long, dark green and shiny above, tip abruptly pointed, yellow or pale green below with 12-15 rows of stomates.
Flower:Species is dioecious; male flowers are small, round, and yellow and are borne on the undersides of the leaves; female flowers are solitary.
Fruit:Naked ovoid seed 1/4 inch long, surrounded by a bright red, fleshy aril, maturing in late summer, persistent through fall.
Twig:Light green in color, turning brown after several years; buds green with keeled scales, female flower buds are pointed, males rounded.
Bark:Always thin (about 1/4 inch), reddish brown, and scaly; inner bark is reddish purple.
Form:Small tree or large shrub to 25 feet, with many limbed boles and a short trunk.