black mangrove Verbenaceae Avicennia germinans
Leaf:Opposite, simple, evergreen, leathery, elliptical to obovate, 2 to 5 inches long, dark green above, silvery hairy below, may have salt deposits on their upper surfaces due to salt excretion.
Flower:White, 4 petaled flowers, occurring in cone-shaped clusters, 1 to 2 inches long near branch tips.
Fruit:Egg-shaped capsule 1 to 2 inches long, containing one lima bean-shaped seed.
Twig:Stout, slightly angled, finely hairy, and initially green but turning grayish brown.
Bark:Dark gray and finely scaly.
Form: Bushy tree (50 feet tall) that forms dense thickets, trunk divides close to the ground, numerous finger like roots (pneumatophores) occur around the base of the tree.