blue oak Fagaceae Quercus douglasii
Leaf:Alternate, simple, and usually deciduous (although trees on moist sites may retain their leaves); 1 to 3 inches long; margins are usually wavy, but are sometimes shallowly and irregularly lobed; the upper side of the leaf is distinctly bluish-green, especially later in the growing season, while the lower surface is pale green.
Flower:Species is monoecious; males are borne in pendent yellow-green catkins (aments); females are small, often solitary, and occur in the axils of leaves on current year's twigs; appearing in spring.
Fruit:Acorns; oval to gently tapering; 3/4 to 1 1/2 inches long; shallow caps with warty scales; ripen in a single year.
Twig:Stout, brittle, and gray to reddish brown.
Bark:Mature bark is light gray and checkered.
Form:A small to medium sized deciduous tree; seldom more than 60 feet tall and 2 feet in diameter. Open grown canopies are typically rounded with many crooked branches.