Torrey pine Pinaceae Pinus torreyana
Leaf:Evergreen needles, 8 to 13 inches long, 5 per fascicle, tufted near the ends of branches; stout, stiff, and dark green, with many stomatal bands.
Flower:Species is monoecious; male cones are yellow and borne in heads; female cones are reddish and stalked.
Fruit:Large woody cones (4 to 6 inches) with thick scales ending in a thick, straight spine; almost round when open. Take 3 years to mature, and remain on the tree for several years after opening. Seeds are large and edible with a short, detachable wing.
Twig:Very stout, smooth, green becoming black with age.
Bark:Dark gray to black with deep furrows and flat, scaly ridges.
Form:Medium sized (30 to 50 feet tall and 1 to 2 feet in diameter) evergreen conifer with open, spreading crown. May be shrubby on sites exposed to high winds and salt spray.