turkey oak Fagaceae Quercus laevis
Leaf:Alternate, simple, 3 to 7 bristle-tipped lobes (mostly 3 and 5's), sinuses reach more than half way to midvein, 4 to 8 inches long, shiny green above, may have some brown pubescence below.
Flower:Species is monoecious; males hanging, slender catkins, 3 to 5 inches long; females small, either singly or in pairs.
Fruit:Acorn, 1 inch long, brown; cap is thin, reddish brown with fuzzy scales, encloses about 1/3 of nut.
Twig:Moderate to stout, gray to reddish brown, terminal buds are large (3/5 to 5/8 inch long), reddish brown and fuzzy, sharply pointed, lateral buds divergent.
Bark:Fairly thick, very rough with deep furrows and scaly ridges, at first gray-brown but can become nearly black.
Form:Small tree, 20 to 30 feet tall, short trunk, irregular spreading crown.