Carolina hemlock Pinaceae Tsuga caroliniana
Leaf:Evergreen, flattened, single needles, 1/2 to 3/4 inch long, not tapering towards the round tip; dark green above, paler with two bluish-white stomatal lines beneath; needles radiate out from twig in all directions and are attached with a small petiole.
Flower:Species is monoecious; male cones small and yellowish; females small and greenish; both males and females occur near branch tips.
Fruit:Woody light brown cone, 1 to 1 1/2 inches, when dry scales stick out at nearly right angles, scales longer than they are wide.
Twig:Slender, yellowish brown, turning gray-brown, buds small and round.
Bark:Dark, reddish brown, develops fissures with scaly ridges, inner bark often showing maroon patches.
Form:Pyramidal crown with hanging branches, almost lacy looking. Reaches a height of 40 to 60 feet, 1 to 1 1/2 feet in diameter.